14 participants was in fact excluded about analytic try investigation as they advertised times consumption regarded as outliers

Epi Info™ app, adaptation step 3.5.4 (2008), was utilized in order to procedure the information and knowledge regarding 3-day dining information. Your food constitution database used in combination with it equipment contains step 1,655 circumstances regarding after the supply: step 1,307 foods throughout the All of us Institution of Agriculture, 80 edibles regarding food constitution tables of one’s Institute out-of Nourishment for Central America and you can Panama (INCAP), 254 foods out-of remedies commonly consumed in Costa Rica, and you may thirteen snacks regarding Costa Rican compulsory fortification restaurants class.

Into the slimming down consumption study, outliers could possibly be the results of misreporting or programming errors, or they might echo specific care about-statement regarding non-normative food practices. Outliers is almost certainly not user of the population’s normal intake shipments and can expose biases and negatively impression statistical study and inferences. I put sex-particular unweighted overall energy intake in the 1st percentile or more than the 99th percentile as thresholds to own outliers, once the necessary because of the Dyer mais aussi al. (59). This is why, 804 players stayed regarding the last analysis.

Suggest consumption try adjusted to have full opportunity consumption with the residuals approach from inside the good regression model towards the nutrients since the mainly based changeable and effort due to the fact separate varying (60). Although all nutrient residuals showed normality otherwise close normality when plotted, some withdrawals had been skewed. These types of studies failed to conform significantly more closely for the normal shipment because of the log conversion process, therefore we decided to perhaps not diary transform the details. To choose the differences between the overall characteristics of your own analytic sample data, Chi-square was used getting categorical details and you may Student’s t-attempt having continuous parameters.

Correlation between everyday mineral consumption away from players and TCRAD score was indeed computed. Analytical relevance try determined out-of Spearman’s Score Order correlation. Times adjusted median viewpoints out of eating plan high quality get parts was indeed compared across the three TCRAD results. Pairwise multiple analysis data is used and you will analytical importance are determined on standard Wilcoxon statistic. SAS version nine.4 (SAS Institute) was applied for everybody analyses. The assessment had been 2-tailed as well as the mathematical significance peak is actually put as the 0.05.


Average consumption of your time-adjusted 14 elements of the latest TCRAD get along the CRHEI classes is found inside Desk dos. For everybody half dozen healthy portion (kidney beans, produce, fresh fruit, veggie oil, milk products, and you will tortilla), energy-modified median consumption was in fact significantly straight down to have teens with low TCRAD rating as compared to teens that have moderate or higher TCRAD get. With the seven substandard components (reddish animal meat, good fats, sweets, sweet drinks, edibles, fast foods, and you may dough usage), energy-modified average intakes was indeed somewhat straight down to own teens with high TCRAD get versus. low conventional rating. Although not, while considered a junk food and you can inversely obtained, average consumption out of white rice is actually significantly higher for the adolescent which resurs have large TCRAD rating against. reasonable antique get.

Table dos. Median (min-max) of your time-adjusted portion consumption of your complete by types of the Old-fashioned Costa Rican Teens Diet (TCRAD) rating (letter = 804) step one .

To identify affairs of this TCRAD get, we looked at connections between your score and you may sex, decades, SES, school form of (public/private), and you may residential area (rural/urban) using a non-parametric ANOVA take to (Kruskal Wallis)

Overall, the brand new TCRAD rating is actually significantly coordinated with all of examined nourishment except overall times, sugar, cholesterol levels, and you will calcium supplements (Desk 3). Total weight, mono-, poly-, and you may saturated fats were inversely and weakly coordinated with the TCRAD score. Fibre, folate, magnesium, and you may potassium showed average confident correlation into the TCRAD score.

Table step three. Everyday overall energy and mineral intake regarding users and you may correlation with the standard Costa Rican Teens Diet plan get good .

Dietary intakes of TCRAD score components by adolescents’ sociodemographic. characteristics are presented in Table 4. Mean energy-adjusted TCRAD score was higher in girls than in boys (7.5 vs. 7.0, p = 0.0004), lower in adolescents classified as high SES compared to those classified as medium and low SES (6.9 vs. 7.2 vs. 7.3, p < 0.05),>

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